John, my old boyfriend, showed up at my wedding. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Definition of apposition in the Definitions.net dictionary. Appositio (apposition): Figure of addition in which words are placed side by side (in apposition to) each other with one word describing or clarifying the other; adjacent nouns or noun substitutes with one elaborating the other. Definition of appositive in the Definitions.net dictionary. When two or more words in a single sentence represent the same thing or refer to the same person, they are said to be in apposition. An appositive noun also defines, explains, and clarifies the meaning of a sentence. [1] The sentences below use non-restrictive appositives. An appositive is a phrase, usually a noun phrase, that renames another phrase or noun. Like several of the terms we have discussed most recently, apposition relies on repetition and reinforcement to make its point, though strictly speaking, it is not redundant in the same way. A construction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic relation to the other elements in the sentence; for example, Copley and the painter in The painter Copley was born in Boston. Appositive phrases can also serve as definitions: In several languages, the same syntax that is used to express such relations as possession can also be used appositively. This lesson will cover the concept of binary opposition in literature. Meaning of appositive. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition. This is true for nearly any noun. Quirk et al (1985; 1990) take us a step further in the description of apposition. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, ISSN 0302-9743, Volume 4629/2007, "Text, Speech and Dialogue", pp. One of the elements is called the appositive, although its identification requires consideration of how the elements are used in a sentence. It also gives meanings to different sentences in literary texts, and helps in identifying other nouns. This is a literary device that appears before or after a noun or noun phrase. A restrictive appositive provides information essential to identifying the phrase in apposition. See more. For example, in the phrase: "My wife, a nurse by training, ...", it is necessary to pause before the parenthetical modification "a nurse by training". 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Apposition definition: If two noun groups referring to the same person or thing are in apposition , one is... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples What does appositive mean? It limits or clarifies that phrase in some crucial way, such that the meaning of the sentence would change if the appositive were removed. A substantive in apposition with an objective is itself in the objective case. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/apposition. Example sentences containing appositive Here and elsewhere in this section, the relevant phrases are marked as the appositive phraseA or the phrase in appositionP. In English grammar, an appositive is a noun, noun phrase, or series of nouns placed next to another word or phrase to identify or rename it. It is a stylistic device used in literature and poetry to intentionally eliminate conjunctions between the phrases, and in the sentence, yet maintain grammatical accuracy. Apposition is a grammatical construction in which two elements, normally noun phrases, are placed side by side so that one element identifies the other in a different way; the two elements are said to be in apposition. An appositive is a noun or pronoun. When a noun or word is followed by another noun or phrase that renames or identifies it, this is called appositive. In English, non-restrictive appositives are typically set off by commas. Meaning of appositive with illustrations and photos. Information and translations of apposition in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. In English, restrictive appositives are not set off by commas. It further identifies or explains another noun or pronoun in a sentence. The use of false titles is controversial. A grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows. Interestingly, Sopher’s definition of apposition establishes the differences between apposition and other syntactic relations in the grammatical system. 1. It is always used with a comma. It is derived from Latin: ad ("near") and positio ("placement"). Chapter 5, §14.3 (pages 447–448), Rodney Huddleston, Geoffrey K. 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Examples "It was one hundred and forty-four years ago that members of the Democratic Party first met in convention to select a Presidential candidate. For other uses, see. Noun. noun or word is followed by another noun or phrase that renames or identifies Apposition is the process by which an item is given a second occurrence in another form; we can see it as a form of reformulating such an item. A noun in apposition may come between antecedent and relative, because in such a combination no real ambiguity can arise. Apposition is a figure of speech of the scheme type, and often results when the verbs (particularly verbs of being) in supporting clauses are eliminated to produce shorter descriptive phrases. Related words - appositive synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. You remember that in clauses we found that a clause may be placed in apposition with a noun to explain the meaning of that noun. "application" (of one thing to another), mid-15c., originally in grammatical sense "the relation to a noun or pronoun of another noun or clause added to it by way of explanation," from Latin appositionem (nominative appositio) "a setting before," noun of action from past-participle stem of apponere "lay beside, set near," especially "serve, set before," also "put upon, apply," from ad "to, toward" (see ad-) + … Apposition - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary n apposition the act of positioning close together (or side by side) "it is the result of the juxtaposition of contrasting colors"; n apposition (biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material; n apposition a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows "`Rudolph the red-nosed reindeer' is an example of apposition" Almost always an appositive interrupts the flow of a sentence and is therefore set apart with specific punctuation. Definition of Apposition. Meaning of apposition. Apposition definition, the act of placing together or bringing into proximity; juxtaposition. For example, 'yel… "Appositive oblique", a prepositional phrase with. Apposition in English: A Linguistic Study Based on a Literary Corpus María Dolores Gómez Penas Universidad de Santiago de Compostela I Different approaches have been taken towards what apposition is, and as a consequence, divergences of opinión have emerged when deciding what is or is not an apposition. For example, in the two sentences below, the phrases Alice Smith and my sister are in apposition, with the appositive identified with italics: Traditionally, appositions were called by their Latin name appositio, although the English form is now more commonly used. Adjective: appositional . It was first used in Greek and Latin literature. People and objects can have many names. In daily speech and writing, we are constantly renaming things. In the following examples, the appositive phrases are shown in italics: A kind of appositive is the false title, a restrictive phrase, as in "Noted biologist Jane Smith has arrived. An example is the phrase "my dog Woofers," in which "my dog" is in apposition to the name "Woofers." apposition definition: 1. in grammar, a situation in which two nouns or noun phrases are used to refer to the same person…. Apposition is the placement side-by-side of two coordinate elements (usually noun phrases), the second of which serves to identify or rename the first. The word "appositive" comes from the Latin for "to put near." Washington, our first president, was born in Virginia. Though you can use the noun apposition to talk about the positioning of objects — or words — close together, it's usually found in scientific or technical writing. Of disorder, because in such a combination no real ambiguity can arise objective itself. 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